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Time201020112012201320142015
CountryIndicators
AustraliaInformation onitemHuman resources in research and developmentTotal R&D personnel Researchers (FTE) - Total Information onitemInformation onitem100 413.9..........
Total R&D personnel (FTE) - Business enterpriseInformation onitem56 510.564 905.9..78 839.3....
Total R&D personnel (FTE) - GovernmentInformation onitem..16 688.916 380.5......
Total R&D personnel (FTE) - Higher educationInformation onitem69 392.3..74 669......
Total R&D personnel (FTE) - Private non-profitInformation onitem..5 255.85 677.6......
ResearchersResearchers per million inhabitants (FTE)Information onitemInformation onitem4 530.72782..........
Researchers per thousand labour force (FTE)Information onitemInformation onitem8.5352..........
Researchers per thousand total employment (FTE)Information onitemInformation onitem9.00337..........
Researchers (FTE) - Business enterpriseInformation onitem27 990.232 439..39 064.9....
Researchers (FTE) - GovernmentInformation onitem..8 454.18 311.4......
Researchers (FTE) - Higher educationInformation onitem60 861.8..65 771.6......
Researchers (FTE) - Private non-profitInformation onitem..3 220.93 416.1......
Researchers (FTE) - Business enterprise %Information onitem27.87483..........
Researchers (FTE) - Higher education %Information onitem60.61093..........
Technicians and equivalent staffTechnicians (FTE) - Business enterpriseInformation onitem19 087.521 513.7..26 546.7....
Technicians (FTE) - GovernmentInformation onitem..5 682.65 689.1......
Technicians (FTE) - Private non-profitInformation onitem..1 241.61 287......
Other supporting staffOther supporting staff (FTE) - Business enterpriseInformation onitem9 432.810 953.2..13 227.7....
Other supporting staff (FTE) - GovernmentInformation onitem..2 552.22 380......
Other supporting staff (FTE) - Higher educationInformation onitem8 530.5..8 897.5......
Other supporting staff (FTE) - Private non-profitInformation onitem..793.3974.5......
Expenditure on research and development (R&D)GERD - Total (in '000 local currency)Information onitemInformation onitem30 915 000Information onitem31 665 000..Information onitem33 471 500....
GERD in '000 current PPP$Information onitemInformation onitem20 546 156.24383Information onitem20 955 599.1455..Information onitem21 990 342.29026....
GERD in '000 PPP$ (in constant prices - 2005)Information onitemInformation onitem18 221 962.74007Information onitem17 576 592.79801..Information onitem18 241 431.62307....
GERD as a percentage of GDPInformation onitemInformation onitem2.38395Information onitem2.24606..Information onitem2.19575....
GERD per capita (in current PPP$)Information onitemInformation onitem927.05334Information onitem929.60936..Information onitem944.98938....
GERD per capita (in PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitemInformation onitem822.18451Information onitem779.71358..Information onitem783.88771....
GERD per researcher, FTE (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitemInformation onitem204.61466..........
GERD per researcher, FTE (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitemInformation onitem181.46853..........
GERD - performed by business enterprise (in '000 local currency)Information onitem18 006 900Information onitem18 321 300..18 849 400....
GERD - performed by government (in '000 local currency)Information onitemInformation onitem3 833 000Information onitem3 549 0003 725 500Information onitem3 751 600....
GERD - performed by higher education (in '000 local currency)Information onitem8 160 900Information onitem8 885 0009 609 700Information onitem9 918 600....
GERD - performed by private non-profit (in '000 local currency)Information onitemInformation onitem914 000Information onitem944 400960 500Information onitem951 800....
GERD - performed by business enterprise (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem11 967 413.25787Information onitem12 124 864.00203..12 383 811.83891....
GERD - performed by government (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitemInformation onitem2 547 417.65753Information onitem2 348 694.816592 447 505.58745Information onitem2 464 752.64437....
GERD - performed by higher education (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem5 423 746.61136Information onitem5 880 009.42396 313 191.36859Information onitem6 516 391.82708....
GERD - performed by private non-profit (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitemInformation onitem607 445.79676Information onitem624 995.03657631 010.36552Information onitem625 320.28119....
GERD - performed by business enterprise (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem10 613 652.30032Information onitem10 169 778.29244..10 272 621.22211....
GERD - performed by government (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitemInformation onitem2 259 252.24592Information onitem1 969 977.193752 026 289.9434Information onitem2 044 561.93708....
GERD - performed by higher education (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem4 810 209.14525Information onitem4 931 881.47835 226 691.3083Information onitem5 405 478.20374....
GERD - performed by private non-profit (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitemInformation onitem538 731.1643Information onitem524 217.09264522 413.49903Information onitem518 715.76173....
GERD - performed by business enterprise %Information onitem58.24648Information onitem57.85978..56.31478....
GERD - performed by government %Information onitemInformation onitem12.39851Information onitem11.20796..Information onitem11.20834....
GERD - performed by higher education %Information onitem26.39787Information onitem28.05937..Information onitem29.63297....
GERD - performed by private non-profit %Information onitemInformation onitem2.95649Information onitem2.98247..Information onitem2.84361....
GERD - performed by business enterprise as a percentage of GDPInformation onitem1.38856Information onitem1.29957..1.23653....
GERD - performed by government as a percentage of GDPInformation onitemInformation onitem0.29557Information onitem0.251740.24986Information onitem0.24611....
GERD - performed by higher education as a percentage of GDPInformation onitem0.62931Information onitem0.630230.64449Information onitem0.65066....
GERD - performed by private non-profit as a percentage of GDPInformation onitemInformation onitem0.07048Information onitem0.066990.06442Information onitem0.06244....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - financed by Business enterprise (in '000 local currency)Information onitem17 506 20017 745 100..18 133 800....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - financed by Government (in '000 local currency)Information onitem314 000341 700..402 400....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - financed by Higher education (in '000 local currency)Information onitem......6 900....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - financed by Private non-profit (in '000 local currency)Information onitem......5 500....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - financed by Abroad (in '000 local currency)Information onitem167 500211 900..300 800....
GERD - performed by Government - financed by Business enterprise (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..251 700285 800......
GERD - performed by Government - financed by Government (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..3 043 9003 257 100......
GERD - performed by Government - financed by Higher education (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..9 00022 500......
GERD - performed by Government - financed by Private non-profit (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..98 80090 100......
GERD - performed by Government - financed by Abroad (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..145 50069 900......
GERD - performed by Higher education - financed by Business enterprise (in '000 local currency)Information onitem401 000..454 900......
GERD - performed by Higher education - financed by Government (in '000 local currency)Information onitem7 421 100..8 776 300......
GERD - performed by Higher education - financed by Private non-profit (in '000 local currency)Information onitem159 100..147 800......
GERD - performed by Higher education - financed by Abroad (in '000 local currency)Information onitem179 700..230 700......
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - financed by Business enterprise (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..50 60059 600......
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - financed by Government (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..435 400454 600......
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - financed by Higher education (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..10 20015 200......
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - financed by Private non-profit (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..389 900383 000......
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - financed by Abroad (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..58 40048 200......
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - financed by Business enterprise (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem11 634 647.2727111 743 540.26202..11 913 671.90066....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - financed by Government (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem208 684.87985226 133.84582..264 371.59188....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - financed by Higher education (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem......4 533.2107....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - financed by Private non-profit (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem......3 613.42882....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - financed by Abroad (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem111 320.75597140 233.42678..197 621.70685....
GERD - performed by Government - financed by Business enterprise (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..166 572.6924187 759.25296......
GERD - performed by Government - financed by Government (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..2 014 424.387782 139 785.38421......
GERD - performed by Government - financed by Higher education (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..5 956.1153414 781.60669......
GERD - performed by Government - financed by Private non-profit (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..65 384.9106559 192.12278......
GERD - performed by Government - financed by Abroad (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..96 290.5313645 921.52478......
GERD - performed by Higher education - financed by Business enterprise (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem266 505.2128..298 851.23922......
GERD - performed by Higher education - financed by Government (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem4 932 074.40081..5 765 680.65686......
GERD - performed by Higher education - financed by Private non-profit (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem105 738.10313..97 098.73194......
GERD - performed by Higher education - financed by Abroad (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem119 428.89461..151 560.74058......
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - financed by Business enterprise (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..33 486.6040339 154.83372......
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - financed by Government (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..288 143.62444298 654.15114......
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - financed by Higher education (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..6 750.264059 985.79652......
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - financed by Private non-profit (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..258 032.15243251 615.79385......
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - financed by Abroad (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..38 648.5706631 665.48633......
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - financed by Business enterprise (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem10 318 529.002769 849 941.47671..9 882 630.67883....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - financed by Government (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem185 078.32122189 670.6698..219 301.5576....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - financed by Higher education (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem......3 760.38953....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - financed by Private non-profit (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem......2 997.41195....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - financed by Abroad (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem98 728.08536117 621.34893..163 931.18421....
GERD - performed by Government - financed by Business enterprise (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..139 713.51357155 445.89071......
GERD - performed by Government - financed by Government (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..1 689 606.531431 771 528.37864......
GERD - performed by Government - financed by Higher education (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..4 995.7156212 237.69259......
GERD - performed by Government - financed by Private non-profit (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..54 841.8559449 005.16009......
GERD - performed by Government - financed by Abroad (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..80 764.0692338 018.43163......
GERD - performed by Higher education - financed by Business enterprise (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem236 357.98346..247 418.9492......
GERD - performed by Higher education - financed by Government (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem4 374 155.18973..4 773 407.17494......
GERD - performed by Higher education - financed by Private non-profit (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem93 776.94556..80 388.04285......
GERD - performed by Higher education - financed by Abroad (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem105 919.0265..125 477.14131......
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - financed by Business enterprise (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..28 087.0233932 416.28791......
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - financed by Government (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..241 681.62022247 255.77997......
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - financed by Higher education (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..5 661.811048 267.24121......
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - financed by Private non-profit (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..216 425.50235208 312.72267......
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - financed by Abroad (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..32 416.6435926 215.857......
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Natural sciences (in '000 local currency)Information onitem5 759 000..........
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Engineering and technology (in '000 local currency)Information onitem10 337 400..........
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Medical and health sciences (in '000 local currency)Information onitem1 061 400..........
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Agricultural sciences (in '000 local currency)Information onitem550 300..........
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Natural sciences and engineering (sub-total) (in '000 local currency)Information onitem17 708 000..........
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Social sciences (in '000 local currency)Information onitem207 400..........
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Humanities (in '000 local currency)Information onitem91 500..........
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Social sciences and humanities (sub-total) (in '000 local currency)Information onitem298 900..........
GERD - performed by Government - Natural sciences (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..1 589 500........
GERD - performed by Government - Engineering and technology (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..569 900........
GERD - performed by Government - Medical and health sciences (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..515 600........
GERD - performed by Government - Agricultural sciences (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..675 100........
GERD - performed by Government - Natural sciences and engineering (sub-total) (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..3 350 000........
GERD - performed by Government - Social sciences (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..181 600........
GERD - performed by Government - Humanities (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..17 300........
GERD - performed by Government - Social sciences and humanities (sub-total) (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..198 900........
GERD - performed by Higher education - Natural sciences (in '000 local currency)Information onitem2 211 900..2 589 000......
GERD - performed by Higher education - Engineering and technology (in '000 local currency)Information onitem944 200..1 154 500......
GERD - performed by Higher education - Medical and health sciences (in '000 local currency)Information onitem2 355 600..2 844 700......
GERD - performed by Higher education - Agricultural sciences (in '000 local currency)Information onitem350 400..449 000......
GERD - performed by Higher education - Natural sciences and engineering (sub-total) (in '000 local currency)Information onitem5 862 100..7 037 300......
GERD - performed by Higher education - Social sciences (in '000 local currency)Information onitem1 815 100..2 030 900......
GERD - performed by Higher education - Humanities (in '000 local currency)Information onitem483 700..541 500......
GERD - performed by Higher education - Social sciences and humanities (sub-total) (in '000 local currency)Information onitem2 298 800..2 572 500......
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Natural sciences (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..111 100........
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Engineering and technology (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..12 400........
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Medical and health sciences (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..765 000........
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Agricultural sciences (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..5 800........
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Natural sciences and engineering (sub-total) (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..894 300........
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Social sciences and humanities (sub-total) (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..50 100........
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Natural sciences (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem3 827 440.20082..........
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Engineering and technology (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem6 870 251.83746..........
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Medical and health sciences (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem705 408.06202..........
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Agricultural sciences (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem365 730.22096..........
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Natural sciences and engineering (sub-total) (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem11 768 763.8611..........
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Social sciences (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem137 838.35695..........
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Humanities (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem60 811.03983..........
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Social sciences and humanities (sub-total) (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem198 649.39677..........
GERD - performed by Government - Natural sciences (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..1 051 916.14848........
GERD - performed by Government - Engineering and technology (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..377 154.45928........
GERD - performed by Government - Medical and health sciences (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..341 219.23005........
GERD - performed by Government - Agricultural sciences (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..446 774.82972........
GERD - performed by Government - Natural sciences and engineering (sub-total) (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..2 216 998.48847........
GERD - performed by Government - Social sciences (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..120 181.17179........
GERD - performed by Government - Humanities (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..11 448.97727........
GERD - performed by Government - Social sciences and humanities (sub-total) (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..131 630.14906........
GERD - performed by Higher education - Natural sciences (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem1 470 032.12019..1 700 870.20961......
GERD - performed by Higher education - Engineering and technology (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem627 516.76291..758 460.66319......
GERD - performed by Higher education - Medical and health sciences (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem1 565 535.35979..1 868 854.95762......
GERD - performed by Higher education - Agricultural sciences (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem232 876.37548..294 975.17347......
GERD - performed by Higher education - Natural sciences and engineering (sub-total) (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem3 895 960.61837..4 623 226.69992......
GERD - performed by Higher education - Social sciences (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem1 206 318.23381..1 334 220.66771......
GERD - performed by Higher education - Humanities (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem321 467.75918..355 744.00097......
GERD - performed by Higher education - Social sciences and humanities (sub-total) (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem1 527 785.99299..1 690 030.3647......
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Natural sciences (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..73 524.93495........
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Engineering and technology (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..8 206.20336........
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Medical and health sciences (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..506 269.80408........
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Agricultural sciences (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..3 838.38544........
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Natural sciences and engineering (sub-total) (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..591 839.32783........
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Social sciences and humanities (sub-total) (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..33 155.70874........
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Natural sciences (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem3 394 477.87223..........
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Engineering and technology (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem6 093 084.83355..........
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Medical and health sciences (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem625 611.87942..........
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Agricultural sciences (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem324 358.59925..........
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Natural sciences and engineering (sub-total) (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem10 437 474.24232..........
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Social sciences (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem122 245.99943..........
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Humanities (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem53 932.05857..........
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Social sciences and humanities (sub-total) (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem176 178.058..........
GERD - performed by Government - Natural sciences (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..882 298.88686........
GERD - performed by Government - Engineering and technology (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..316 339.8148........
GERD - performed by Government - Medical and health sciences (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..286 198.99721........
GERD - performed by Government - Agricultural sciences (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..374 734.17963........
GERD - performed by Government - Natural sciences and engineering (sub-total) (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..1 859 516.37055........
GERD - performed by Government - Social sciences (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..100 802.43967........
GERD - performed by Government - Humanities (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..9 602.87559........
GERD - performed by Government - Social sciences and humanities (sub-total) (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..110 405.31525........
GERD - performed by Higher education - Natural sciences (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem1 303 741.20604..1 408 150.49348......
GERD - performed by Higher education - Engineering and technology (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem556 531.69074..627 929.60399......
GERD - performed by Higher education - Medical and health sciences (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem1 388 441.06196..1 547 225.07099......
GERD - performed by Higher education - Agricultural sciences (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem206 533.26036..244 209.95426......
GERD - performed by Higher education - Natural sciences and engineering (sub-total) (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem3 455 247.2191..3 827 569.51246......
GERD - performed by Higher education - Social sciences (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem1 069 858.79248..1 104 601.32762......
GERD - performed by Higher education - Humanities (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem285 103.13367..294 520.46822......
GERD - performed by Higher education - Social sciences and humanities (sub-total) (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem1 354 961.92615..1 399 176.18558......
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Natural sciences (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..61 669.33396........
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Engineering and technology (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..6 882.98597........
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Medical and health sciences (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..424 635.8279........
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Agricultural sciences (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..3 219.46118........
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Natural sciences and engineering (sub-total) (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..496 407.60901........
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Social sciences and humanities (sub-total) (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..27 809.48363........
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Current costs (in '000 local currency)Information onitem17 086 10017 067 200..17 686 300....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Capital expenditure (in '000 local currency)Information onitem920 8001 254 200..1 163 200....
GERD - performed by Government - Current costs (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..3 113 4003 057 600......
GERD - performed by Government - Capital expenditure (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..435 600667 800......
GERD - performed by Higher education - Current costs (in '000 local currency)Information onitem7 353 000..8 578 500......
GERD - performed by Higher education - Capital expenditure (in '000 local currency)Information onitem807 900..1 031 200......
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Current costs (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..827 400885 400......
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Capital expenditure (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..117 00075 100......
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Current costs (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem11 355 448.1707211 294 912.41863..11 619 670.1925....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Capital expenditure (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem611 965.08715830 017.76246..764 207.34512....
GERD - performed by Government - Current costs (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..2 060 418.834032 008 721.80491......
GERD - performed by Government - Capital expenditure (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..288 275.98256438 718.08651......
GERD - performed by Higher education - Current costs (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem4 886 815.03674..5 635 733.91006......
GERD - performed by Higher education - Capital expenditure (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem536 931.57462..677 457.45854......
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Current costs (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..547 565.53712581 672.6472......
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Capital expenditure (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..77 429.4994549 337.71832......
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Current costs (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem10 070 913.070469 473 653.07444..9 638 750.34328....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Capital expenditure (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem542 739.22986696 180.72595..633 925.37723....
GERD - performed by Government - Current costs (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..1 728 184.557631 663 020.83772......
GERD - performed by Government - Capital expenditure (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..241 792.63612363 214.71593......
GERD - performed by Higher education - Current costs (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem4 334 015.59204..4 665 824.25968......
GERD - performed by Higher education - Capital expenditure (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem476 193.55322..560 867.04862......
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Current costs (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..459 272.78955481 566.80067......
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Capital expenditure (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..64 944.3030940 846.69836......
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Basic research (in '000 local currency)Information onitem1 027 7001 096 300..1 193 700....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Applied research (in '000 local currency)Information onitem5 925 3005 822 500..6 134 400....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Experimental development (in '000 local currency)Information onitem11 053 80011 402 600..11 521 300....
GERD - performed by Government - Basic research (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..1 160 7001 319 200......
GERD - performed by Government - Applied research (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..1 955 3001 948 700......
GERD - performed by Government - Experimental development (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..432 900457 600......
GERD - performed by Higher education - Basic research (in '000 local currency)Information onitem3 703 300..4 465 400......
GERD - performed by Higher education - Applied research (in '000 local currency)Information onitem3 809 500..4 344 500......
GERD - performed by Higher education - Experimental development (in '000 local currency)Information onitem648 100..799 900......
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Basic research (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..395 800422 100......
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Applied research (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..335 900347 400......
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Experimental development (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..212 700191 100......
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Basic research (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem683 010.99052725 521.02773..784 245.45036....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Applied research (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem3 937 963.434953 853 275.73108..4 030 221.40464....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Experimental development (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem7 346 372.372257 546 133.42228..7 569 344.9839....
GERD - performed by Government - Basic research (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..768 140.34196866 662.02415......
GERD - performed by Government - Applied research (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..1 293 999.147611 280 218.53127......
GERD - performed by Government - Experimental development (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..286 489.14796300 625.03203......
GERD - performed by Higher education - Basic research (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem2 461 218.83933..2 933 590.51139......
GERD - performed by Higher education - Applied research (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem2 531 799.52162..2 854 164.01145......
GERD - performed by Higher education - Experimental development (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem430 728.25042..525 502.54178......
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Basic research (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..261 936.71694277 302.94147......
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Applied research (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..222 295.46038228 228.00727......
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Experimental development (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..140 762.85925125 545.11281......
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Basic research (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem605 748.37807608 533.67075..650 547.38893....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Applied research (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem3 492 498.651913 231 950.46791..3 343 149.78858....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Experimental development (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem6 515 346.32826 329 349.66173..6 278 924.0446....
GERD - performed by Government - Basic research (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..644 280.79143717 509.51371......
GERD - performed by Government - Applied research (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..1 085 346.972931 059 892.95737......
GERD - performed by Government - Experimental development (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..240 293.92144248 887.47231......
GERD - performed by Higher education - Basic research (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem2 182 804.28968..2 428 719.66535......
GERD - performed by Higher education - Applied research (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem2 245 400.8429..2 362 962.46385......
GERD - performed by Higher education - Experimental development (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem382 004.01267..435 063.56884......
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Basic research (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..219 700.47148229 579.1129......
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Applied research (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..186 451.20862188 949.97352......
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Experimental development (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..118 065.41254103 938.80236......
AustriaInformation onitemHuman resources in research and developmentTotal R&D personnel Total R&D personnel (FTE) - Total Information onitemInformation onitem59 923.361 170.5Information onitem64 550.466 186.1Information onitem67 134.8..
Total R&D personnel (FTE) - FemaleInformation onitem..15 092.4..15 892.2....
Total R&D personnel (FTE) - % FemaleInformation onitem..24.67268..24.01139....
Total R&D personnel per million inhabitants (FTE)Information onitemInformation onitem7 140.53867 261.83553Information onitem7 634.15247 798.56208Information onitem7 882.52461..
Total R&D personnel per thousand labour force (FTE)Information onitemInformation onitem13.8363114.01348Information onitem14.6422414.93142Information onitem15.26856..
Total R&D personnel per thousand total employment (FTE)Information onitemInformation onitem14.5339314.68918Information onitem15.3966715.76707Information onitem16.17433..
Total R&D personnel (HC) - Total Information onitem..107 949..117 043....
Total R&D personnel (HC) - FemaleInformation onitem..33 014..35 719....
Total R&D personnel (HC) - % FemaleInformation onitem..30.58296..30.51784....
Total R&D personnel per million inhabitants (HC)Information onitem..12 815.12957..13 790.91835....
Total R&D personnel per thousand labour force (HC)Information onitem..24.72991..26.4046....
Total R&D personnel per thousand total employment (HC)Information onitem..25.92234..27.88237....
Researchers (FTE) - Total Information onitemInformation onitem36 580.937 113.8Information onitem39 345.640 425.6Information onitem41 005.1..
Technicians (FTE) - Total Information onitem..18 335.6..20 309.7....
Other supporting staff (FTE) - Total Information onitem..5 721.1..5 450.9....
Researchers as a percentage of total R&D personnel (FTE)Information onitemInformation onitem61.046260.67271Information onitem60.953361.07869Information onitem61.07875..
Technicians as a percentage of total R&D personnel (FTE)Information onitem..29.97458..30.68575....
Other supporting staff as a percentage of total R&D personnel (FTE)Information onitem..9.35271..8.23572....
Researchers (HC) - Total Information onitem..65 609..71 448....
Technicians (HC) - Total Information onitem..30 846..33 879....
Other supporting staff (HC) - Total Information onitem..11 494..11 716....
Researchers as a percentage of total R&D personnel (HC)Information onitem..60.77777..61.04423....
Technicians as a percentage of total R&D personnel (HC)Information onitem..28.5746..28.94577....
Other supporting staff as a percentage of total R&D personnel (HC)Information onitem..10.64762..10.01....
Total R&D personnel (FTE) - Business enterpriseInformation onitemInformation onitem40 95442 097.5Information onitem45 004.946 411.8Information onitem47 077.1..
Total R&D personnel (FTE) - GovernmentInformation onitemInformation onitem2 679.92 567.2Information onitem2 547.32 537.6Information onitem2 574..
Total R&D personnel (FTE) - Higher educationInformation onitemInformation onitem15 878.316 096.2Information onitem16 597.716 840.4Information onitem17 081.8..
Total R&D personnel (FTE) - Private non-profitInformation onitemInformation onitem411.3409.6Information onitem400.6396.3Information onitem402..
Total R&D personnel (FTE) - Business enterprise %Information onitemInformation onitem68.3440368.81994Information onitem69.7205670.12318Information onitem70.12324..
Total R&D personnel (FTE) - Government %Information onitemInformation onitem4.472224.19679Information onitem3.946223.83404Information onitem3.83408..
Total R&D personnel (FTE) - Higher education %Information onitemInformation onitem26.4977126.31366Information onitem25.7127825.44401Information onitem25.44403..
Total R&D personnel (FTE) - Private non-profit %Information onitemInformation onitem0.686380.6696Information onitem0.62060.59877Information onitem0.5988..
Total R&D personnel (FTE) - Female - Business enterpriseInformation onitem..6 865.9..7 322.4....
Total R&D personnel (FTE) - Female - GovernmentInformation onitem..1 165..1 175.6....
Total R&D personnel (FTE) - Female - Higher educationInformation onitem..6 846.9..7 188.6....
Total R&D personnel (FTE) - Female - Private non-profitInformation onitem..214.6..205.6....
Female R&D personnel as a percentage of total R&D personnel (FTE) - Business enterpriseInformation onitem..16.30952..15.77702....
Female R&D personnel as a percentage of total R&D personnel (FTE) - GovernmentInformation onitem..45.38018..46.32724....
Female R&D personnel as a percentage of total R&D personnel (FTE) - Higher educationInformation onitem..42.53737..42.68663....
Female R&D personnel as a percentage of total R&D personnel (FTE) - Private non-profitInformation onitem..52.39258..51.87989....
Total R&D personnel (HC) - Business enterpriseInformation onitem..58 643..65 320....
Total R&D personnel (HC) - GovernmentInformation onitem..6 185..6 232....
Total R&D personnel (HC) - Higher educationInformation onitem..42 291..44 601....
Total R&D personnel (HC) - Private non-profitInformation onitem..830..890....
Total R&D personnel (HC) - Business enterprise %Information onitem..54.32473..55.80855....
Total R&D personnel (HC) - Government %Information onitem..5.72956..5.32454....
Total R&D personnel (HC) - Higher education %Information onitem..39.17683..38.10651....
Total R&D personnel (HC) - Private non-profit %Information onitem..0.76888..0.7604....
Total R&D personnel (HC) - Female - Business enterpriseInformation onitem..10 142..11 434....
Total R&D personnel (HC) - Female - GovernmentInformation onitem..3 020..3 057....
Total R&D personnel (HC) - Female - Higher educationInformation onitem..19 407..20 758....
Total R&D personnel (HC) - Female - Private non-profitInformation onitem..445..470....
Female R&D personnel as a percentage of total R&D personnel (HC) - Business enterpriseInformation onitem..17.29448..17.50459....
Female R&D personnel as a percentage of total R&D personnel (HC) - GovernmentInformation onitem..48.82781..49.05327....
Female R&D personnel as a percentage of total R&D personnel (HC) - Higher educationInformation onitem..45.8892..46.54156....
Female R&D personnel as a percentage of total R&D personnel (HC) - Private non-profitInformation onitem..53.61446..52.80899....
ResearchersResearchers (FTE) - FemaleInformation onitem..8 462.5..9 286.3....
Researchers (FTE) - % FemaleInformation onitem..22.80149..22.97133....
Researchers per million inhabitants (FTE)Information onitemInformation onitem4 359.027774 405.9524Information onitem4 653.267944 763.25922Information onitem4 814.5479..
Researchers per thousand labour force (FTE)Information onitemInformation onitem8.446548.50236Information onitem8.924939.11991Information onitem9.32585..
Researchers per thousand total employment (FTE)Information onitemInformation onitem8.872418.91232Information onitem9.384789.63032Information onitem9.87908..
Researchers (HC) - FemaleInformation onitem..19 020..21 145....
Researchers (HC) - % FemaleInformation onitem..28.98993..29.59495....
Researchers per million inhabitants (HC)Information onitem..7 788.75057..8 418.56014....
Researchers per thousand labour force (HC)Information onitem..15.03029..16.11849....
Researchers per thousand total employment (HC)Information onitem..15.75502..17.02058....
Researchers (FTE) - Business enterpriseInformation onitemInformation onitem22 799.423 137.5Information onitem24 899.725 752.4Information onitem26 121.5..
Researchers (FTE) - GovernmentInformation onitemInformation onitem1 5681 511.1Information onitem1 548.61 566.8Information onitem1 589.3..
Researchers (FTE) - Higher educationInformation onitemInformation onitem11 95412 199.2Information onitem12 634.912 845.7Information onitem13 029.8..
Researchers (FTE) - Private non-profitInformation onitemInformation onitem259.5266Information onitem262.4260.7Information onitem264.4..
Researchers (FTE) - Business enterprise %Information onitemInformation onitem62.3259762.34204Information onitem63.2845963.7032Information onitem63.70305..
Researchers (FTE) - Government %Information onitemInformation onitem4.286394.07153Information onitem3.935893.87576Information onitem3.87586..
Researchers (FTE) - Higher education %Information onitemInformation onitem32.6782632.86971Information onitem32.1126131.77615Information onitem31.77605..
Researchers (FTE) - Private non-profit %Information onitemInformation onitem0.709390.71671Information onitem0.666910.64489Information onitem0.6448..
Researchers (FTE) - Female - Business enterpriseInformation onitem..3 541.2..4 054.3....
Researchers (FTE) - Female - GovernmentInformation onitem..621.8..663.5....
Researchers (FTE) - Female - Higher educationInformation onitem..4 188.8..4 465.7....
Researchers (FTE) - Female - Private non-profitInformation onitem..110.8..102.8....
Female researchers as a percentage of total researchers (FTE) - Business enterpriseInformation onitem..15.30502..15.74339....
Female researchers as a percentage of total researchers (FTE) - GovernmentInformation onitem..41.14883..42.34746....
Female researchers as a percentage of total researchers (FTE) - Higher educationInformation onitem..34.33668..34.76416....
Female researchers as a percentage of total researchers (FTE) - Private non-profitInformation onitem..41.65414..39.4323....
Researchers (HC) - Business enterpriseInformation onitem..29 734..33 643....
Researchers (HC) - GovernmentInformation onitem..3 337..3 472....
Researchers (HC) - Higher educationInformation onitem..32 008..33 781....
Researchers (HC) - Private non-profitInformation onitem..530..552....
Researchers (HC) - Business enterprise %Information onitem..45.32..47.08739....
Researchers (HC) - Government %Information onitem..5.08619..4.85948....
Researchers (HC) - Higher education %Information onitem..48.78599..47.28054....
Researchers (HC) - Private non-profit %Information onitem..0.80782..0.77259....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Business enterpriseInformation onitem..4 859..5 908....
Researchers (HC) - Female - GovernmentInformation onitem..1 467..1 588....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Higher educationInformation onitem..12 464..13 412....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Private non-profitInformation onitem..230..237....
Female researchers as a percentage of total researchers (HC) - Business enterpriseInformation onitem..16.34156..17.56086....
Female researchers as a percentage of total researchers (HC) - GovernmentInformation onitem..43.96164..45.73733....
Female researchers as a percentage of total researchers (HC) - Higher educationInformation onitem..38.94026..39.70279....
Female researchers as a percentage of total researchers (HC) - Private non-profitInformation onitem..43.39623..42.93478....
Researchers (FTE) - ISCED 8 Information onitem..10 444.3..11 226.1....
Researchers (FTE) - ISCED 7 Information onitem..Information onitem17 858.6..Information onitem19 927.9....
Researchers (FTE) - ISCED 6Information onitem..Information onitem0..Information onitem0....
Researchers (FTE) - ISCED 5Information onitem..1 262.8..1 145.4....
Researchers (FTE) - All other qualificationsInformation onitem..7 548.1..8 126.3....
Researchers (FTE) - ISCED 8 % Information onitem..28.14128..27.76978....
Researchers (FTE) - ISCED 7 % Information onitem..Information onitem48.11849..Information onitem49.29525....
Researchers (FTE) - ISCED 5 %Information onitem..3.40251..2.83335....
Researchers (FTE) - All other qualifications %Information onitem..20.33772..20.10187....
Researchers (HC) - ISCED 8 Information onitem..18 710..19 916....
Researchers (HC) - ISCED 7 Information onitem..Information onitem33 628..Information onitem37 563....
Researchers (HC) - ISCED 6Information onitem..Information onitem0..Information onitem0....
Researchers (HC) - ISCED 5Information onitem..1 979..1 805....
Researchers (HC) - All other qualificationsInformation onitem..11 292..12 164....
Researchers (HC) - ISCED 8 %Information onitem..28.51743..27.87482....
Researchers (HC) - ISCED 7 %Information onitem..Information onitem51.25516..Information onitem52.5739....
Researchers (HC) - ISCED 5 %Information onitem..3.01635..2.52631....
Researchers (HC) - All other qualifications %Information onitem..17.21105..17.02497....
Researchers (HC) - Female - ISCED 8 Information onitem..5 395..6 018....
Researchers (HC) - Female - ISCED 7 Information onitem..Information onitem10 937..Information onitem12 345....
Researchers (HC) - Female - ISCED 6Information onitem..Information onitem0..Information onitem0....
Researchers (HC) - Female - ISCED 5Information onitem..421..402....
Researchers (HC) - Female - All other qualificationsInformation onitem..2 267..2 380....
Female researchers as a percentage of total researchers (HC) - ISCED 8Information onitem..28.83485..30.21691....
Female researchers as a percentage of total researchers (HC) - ISCED 7Information onitem..Information onitem32.52349..Information onitem32.86479....
Female researchers as a percentage of total researchers (HC) - ISCED 5Information onitem..21.27337..22.27147....
Female researchers as a percentage of total researchers (HC) - All other qualificationsInformation onitem..20.07616..19.56593....
Researchers (FTE) - Business enterprise - ISCED 8 Information onitem..4 032.2..4 516.3....
Researchers (FTE) - Business enterprise - ISCED 7 Information onitem..Information onitem10 643.4..Information onitem12 254.8....
Researchers (FTE) - Business enterprise - ISCED 6Information onitem..Information onitem0..Information onitem0....
Researchers (FTE) - Business enterprise - ISCED 5Information onitem..1 186.3..1 082.5....
Researchers (FTE) - Business enterprise - All other qualificationsInformation onitem..7 275.6..7 898.7....
Researchers (FTE) - Government - ISCED 8 Information onitem..585.9..586.7....
Researchers (FTE) - Government - ISCED 7 Information onitem..Information onitem860.8..Information onitem915.8....
Researchers (FTE) - Government - ISCED 6Information onitem..Information onitem0..Information onitem0....
Researchers (FTE) - Government - ISCED 5Information onitem..38..39.9....
Researchers (FTE) - Government - All other qualificationsInformation onitem..26.4..24.5....
Researchers (FTE) - Higher education - ISCED 8 Information onitem..5 687.7..5 987....
Researchers (FTE) - Higher education - ISCED 7 Information onitem..Information onitem6 236..Information onitem6 636.6....
Researchers (FTE) - Higher education - ISCED 6Information onitem..Information onitem0..Information onitem0....
Researchers (FTE) - Higher education - ISCED 5Information onitem..33.6..19.6....
Researchers (FTE) - Higher education - All other qualificationsInformation onitem..241.9..202.6....
Researchers (FTE) - Private non-profit - ISCED 8 Information onitem..138.5..136.1....
Researchers (FTE) - Private non-profit - ISCED 7 Information onitem..Information onitem118.4..Information onitem120.7....
Researchers (FTE) - Private non-profit - ISCED 6Information onitem..Information onitem0..Information onitem0....
Researchers (FTE) - Private non-profit - ISCED 5Information onitem..4.9..3.4....
Researchers (FTE) - Private non-profit - All other qualificationsInformation onitem..4.2..0.5....
Researchers (HC) - Business enterprise - ISCED 8 Information onitem..5 089..5 790....
Researchers (HC) - Business enterprise - ISCED 7 Information onitem..Information onitem13 931..Information onitem16 090....
Researchers (HC) - Business enterprise - ISCED 6Information onitem..Information onitem0..Information onitem0....
Researchers (HC) - Business enterprise - ISCED 5Information onitem..1 696..1 594....
Researchers (HC) - Business enterprise - All other qualificationsInformation onitem..9 018..10 169....
Researchers (HC) - Government - ISCED 8 Information onitem..1 184..1 194....
Researchers (HC) - Government - ISCED 7 Information onitem..Information onitem1 984..Information onitem2 120....
Researchers (HC) - Government - ISCED 6Information onitem..Information onitem0..Information onitem0....
Researchers (HC) - Government - ISCED 5Information onitem..89..86....
Researchers (HC) - Government - All other qualificationsInformation onitem..80..72....
Researchers (HC) - Higher education - ISCED 8 Information onitem..12 202..12 694....
Researchers (HC) - Higher education - ISCED 7 Information onitem..Information onitem17 436..Information onitem19 057....
Researchers (HC) - Higher education - ISCED 6Information onitem..Information onitem0..Information onitem0....
Researchers (HC) - Higher education - ISCED 5Information onitem..183..116....
Researchers (HC) - Higher education - All other qualificationsInformation onitem..2 187..1 914....
Researchers (HC) - Private non-profit - ISCED 8 Information onitem..235..238....
Researchers (HC) - Private non-profit - ISCED 7 Information onitem..Information onitem277..Information onitem296....
Researchers (HC) - Private non-profit - ISCED 6Information onitem..Information onitem0..Information onitem0....
Researchers (HC) - Private non-profit -ISCED 5Information onitem..11..9....
Researchers (HC) - Private non-profit - All other qualificationsInformation onitem..7..9....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Business enterprise - ISCED 8 Information onitem..1 031..1 251....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Business enterprise - ISCED 7 Information onitem..Information onitem2 382..Information onitem2 905....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Business enterprise - ISCED 6Information onitem..Information onitem0..Information onitem0....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Business enterprise - ISCED 5Information onitem..284..321....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Business enterprise - All other qualificationsInformation onitem..1 162..1 431....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Government - ISCED 8 Information onitem..420..464....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Government - ISCED 7 Information onitem..Information onitem983..Information onitem1 056....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Government - ISCED 6Information onitem..Information onitem0..Information onitem0....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Government - ISCED 5Information onitem..37..37....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Government - All other qualificationsInformation onitem..27..31....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Higher education - ISCED 8 Information onitem..3 868..4 225....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Higher education - ISCED 7 Information onitem..Information onitem7 424..Information onitem8 230....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Higher education - ISCED 6Information onitem..Information onitem0..Information onitem0....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Higher education - ISCED 5Information onitem..96..42....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Higher education - All other qualificationsInformation onitem..1 076..915....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Private non-profit - ISCED 8 Information onitem..76..78....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Private non-profit - ISCED 7 Information onitem..Information onitem148..Information onitem154....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Private non-profit - ISCED 6Information onitem..Information onitem0..Information onitem0....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Private non-profit - ISCED 5Information onitem..4..2....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Private non-profit - All other qualificationsInformation onitem..2..3....
Researchers (FTE) - Government - Natural sciencesInformation onitem..327.8..343.7....
Researchers (FTE) - Government - Engineering and technologyInformation onitem..104.3..112.7....
Researchers (FTE) - Government - Medical and health sciencesInformation onitem..101.9..111.5....
Researchers (FTE) - Government - Agricultural sciencesInformation onitem..188.1..151.9....
Researchers (FTE) - Government - Natural sciences and engineering (sub-total)Information onitem..722.1..719.8....
Researchers (FTE) - Government - Social sciencesInformation onitem..470.5..509.7....
Researchers (FTE) - Government - HumanitiesInformation onitem..318.5..337.3....
Researchers (FTE) - Government - Social sciences and humanities (sub-total)Information onitem..789..847....
Researchers (FTE) - Government - Not specified fieldsInformation onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
....
Researchers (FTE) - Higher education - Natural sciencesInformation onitem..4 060.9..4 229.3....
Researchers (FTE) - Higher education - Engineering and technologyInformation onitem..2 474.8..2 699.9....
Researchers (FTE) - Higher education - Medical and health sciencesInformation onitem..2 135.1..2 278.5....
Researchers (FTE) - Higher education - Agricultural sciencesInformation onitem..324.7..351.1....
Researchers (FTE) - Higher education - Natural sciences and engineering (sub-total)Information onitem..8 995.5..9 558.8....
Researchers (FTE) - Higher education - Social sciencesInformation onitem..1 974.7..2 029.1....
Researchers (FTE) - Higher education - HumanitiesInformation onitem..1 229..1 257.8....
Researchers (FTE) - Higher education - Social sciences and humanities (sub-total)Information onitem..3 203.7..3 286.9....
Researchers (FTE) - Higher education - Not specified fieldsInformation onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
....
Researchers (FTE) - Private non-profit - Natural sciencesInformation onitem..111..109.6....
Researchers (FTE) - Private non-profit - Engineering and technologyInformation onitem..8.3..8.8....
Researchers (FTE) - Private non-profit - Natural sciences and engineering (sub-total)Information onitem..191.1..180....
Researchers (FTE) - Private non-profit - Social sciencesInformation onitem..72.4..75.6....
Researchers (FTE) - Private non-profit - HumanitiesInformation onitem..2.5..5.2....
Researchers (FTE) - Private non-profit - Social sciences and humanities (sub-total)Information onitem..74.9..80.7....
Researchers (FTE) - Private non-profit - Not specified fieldsInformation onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
....
Researchers (FTE) - Female - Government - Natural sciencesInformation onitem..90.7..107.5....
Researchers (FTE) - Female - Government - Engineering and technologyInformation onitem..40.4..37.9....
Researchers (FTE) - Female - Government - Medical and health sciencesInformation onitem..55.1..59.4....
Researchers (FTE) - Female - Government - Agricultural sciencesInformation onitem..50.6..38.9....
Researchers (FTE) - Female - Government - Natural sciences and engineering (sub-total)Information onitem..236.7..243.7....
Researchers (FTE) - Female - Government - Social sciencesInformation onitem..221.3..254.1....
Researchers (FTE) - Female - Government - HumanitiesInformation onitem..163.8..165.7....
Researchers (FTE) - Female - Government - Social sciences and humanities (sub-total)Information onitem..385.1..419.8....
Researchers (FTE) - Female - Government - Not specified fieldsInformation onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
....
Researchers (FTE) - Female - Higher education - Natural sciencesInformation onitem..1 114.3..1 207.6....
Researchers (FTE) - Female - Higher education - Engineering and technologyInformation onitem..452..539.3....
Researchers (FTE) - Female - Higher education - Medical and health sciencesInformation onitem..991.9..1 039.9....
Researchers (FTE) - Female - Higher education - Agricultural sciencesInformation onitem..159.4..166.6....
Researchers (FTE) - Female - Higher education - Natural sciences and engineering (sub-total)Information onitem..2 717.6..2 953.4....
Researchers (FTE) - Female - Higher education - Social sciencesInformation onitem..887..912.3....
Researchers (FTE) - Female - Higher education - HumanitiesInformation onitem..584.2..600....
Researchers (FTE) - Female - Higher education - Social sciences and humanities (sub-total)Information onitem..1 471.2..1 512.3....
Researchers (FTE) - Female - Higher education - Not specified fieldsInformation onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
....
Researchers (FTE) - Female - Private non-profit - Natural sciencesInformation onitem..27.5..27.7....
Researchers (FTE) - Female - Private non-profit - Engineering and technologyInformation onitem..2.6..2.7....
Researchers (FTE) - Female - Private non-profit - Natural sciences and engineering (sub-total)Information onitem..76.1..65....
Researchers (FTE) - Female - Private non-profit - Social sciencesInformation onitem..33.6..35.1....
Researchers (FTE) - Female - Private non-profit - HumanitiesInformation onitem..1.2..2.8....
Researchers (FTE) - Female - Private non-profit - Social sciences and humanities (sub-total)Information onitem..34.8..37.9....
Researchers (FTE) - Female - Private non-profit - Not specified fieldsInformation onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
....
Researchers (HC) - Government - Natural sciencesInformation onitem..726..717....
Researchers (HC) - Government - Engineering and technologyInformation onitem..209..238....
Researchers (HC) - Government - Medical and health sciencesInformation onitem..223..228....
Researchers (HC) - Government - Agricultural sciencesInformation onitem..348..395....
Researchers (HC) - Government - Natural sciences and engineering (sub-total)Information onitem..1 506..1 578....
Researchers (HC) - Government - Social sciencesInformation onitem..1 032..1 044....
Researchers (HC) - Government - HumanitiesInformation onitem..799..850....
Researchers (HC) - Government - Social sciences and humanities (sub-total)Information onitem..1 831..1 894....
Researchers (HC) - Government - Not specified fieldsInformation onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
....
Researchers (HC) - Higher education - Natural sciencesInformation onitem..8 515..8 949....
Researchers (HC) - Higher education - Engineering and technologyInformation onitem..5 662..6 238....
Researchers (HC) - Higher education - Medical and health sciencesInformation onitem..6 661..6 885....
Researchers (HC) - Higher education - Agricultural sciencesInformation onitem..873..974....
Researchers (HC) - Higher education - Natural sciences and engineering (sub-total)Information onitem..21 711..23 046....
Researchers (HC) - Higher education - Social sciencesInformation onitem..6 144..6 534....
Researchers (HC) - Higher education - HumanitiesInformation onitem..4 153..4 201....
Researchers (HC) - Higher education - Social sciences and humanities (sub-total)Information onitem..10 297..10 735....
Researchers (HC) - Higher education - Not specified fieldsInformation onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
....
Researchers (HC) - Private non-profit - Natural sciencesInformation onitem..197..215....
Researchers (HC) - Private non-profit - Engineering and technologyInformation onitem..39........
Researchers (HC) - Private non-profit - Medical and health sciencesInformation onitem......109....
Researchers (HC) - Private non-profit - Natural sciences and engineering (sub-total)Information onitem..341..376....
Researchers (HC) - Private non-profit - Social sciencesInformation onitem..180..161....
Researchers (HC) - Private non-profit - HumanitiesInformation onitem..9..15....
Researchers (HC) - Private non-profit - Social sciences and humanities (sub-total)Information onitem..189..176....
Researchers (HC) - Private non-profit - Not specified fieldsInformation onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Government - Natural sciencesInformation onitem..212..237....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Government - Engineering and technologyInformation onitem..85..90....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Government - Medical and health sciencesInformation onitem..119..118....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Government - Agricultural sciencesInformation onitem..103..134....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Government - Natural sciences and engineering (sub-total)Information onitem..519..579....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Government - Social sciencesInformation onitem..503..545....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Government - HumanitiesInformation onitem..445..464....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Government - Social sciences and humanities (sub-total)Information onitem..948..1 009....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Government - Not specified fieldsInformation onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Higher education - Natural sciencesInformation onitem..2 479..2 728....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Higher education - Engineering and technologyInformation onitem..1 220..1 454....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Higher education - Medical and health sciencesInformation onitem..3 085..3 232....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Higher education - Agricultural sciencesInformation onitem..489..539....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Higher education - Natural sciences and engineering (sub-total)Information onitem..7 273..7 953....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Higher education - Social sciencesInformation onitem..3 030..3 251....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Higher education - HumanitiesInformation onitem..2 161..2 208....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Higher education - Social sciences and humanities (sub-total)Information onitem..5 191..5 459....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Higher education - Not specified fieldsInformation onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Private non-profit - Natural sciencesInformation onitem..58..61....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Private non-profit - Engineering and technologyInformation onitem..9........
Researchers (HC) - Female - Private non-profit - Medical and health sciencesInformation onitem......73....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Private non-profit - Natural sciences and engineering (sub-total)Information onitem..137..152....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Private non-profit - Social sciencesInformation onitem..89..76....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Private non-profit - HumanitiesInformation onitem..4..9....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Private non-profit - Social sciences and humanities (sub-total)Information onitem..93..85....
Researchers (HC) - Female - Private non-profit - Not specified fieldsInformation onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
....
Technicians and equivalent staffTechnicians (FTE) - FemaleInformation onitem..4 063.2..4 262.5....
Technicians (FTE) - % FemaleInformation onitem..22.16017..20.98751....
Technicians per million inhabitants (FTE)Information onitem..2 176.70464..2 393.04712....
Technicians per thousand labour force (FTE)Information onitem..4.20048..4.58182....
Technicians per thousand total employment (FTE)Information onitem..4.40302..4.83824....
Technicians (HC) - FemaleInformation onitem..8 239..8 962....
Technicians (HC) - % FemaleInformation onitem..26.71011..26.45296....
Technicians per million inhabitants (HC)Information onitem..3 661.87261..3 991.88779....
Technicians per thousand labour force (HC)Information onitem..7.06647..7.64302....
Technicians per thousand total employment (HC)Information onitem..7.40721..8.07077....
Technicians (FTE) - Business enterpriseInformation onitem..15 530.3..17 373.2....
Technicians (FTE) - GovernmentInformation onitem..364.3..379.5....
Technicians (FTE) - Higher educationInformation onitem..2 346.9..2 461.8....
Technicians (FTE) - Private non-profitInformation onitem..94.1..95.2....
Technicians (FTE) - Business enterprise %Information onitem..84.70026..85.54139....
Technicians (FTE) - Government %Information onitem..1.98685..1.86857....
Technicians (FTE) - Higher education %Information onitem..12.79969..12.1213....
Technicians (FTE) - Private non-profit %Information onitem..0.51321..0.46874....
Technicians (FTE) - Female - Business enterpriseInformation onitem..2 211.1..2 317.6....
Technicians (FTE) - Female - GovernmentInformation onitem..187.8..206.9....
Technicians (FTE) - Female - Higher educationInformation onitem..1 590.4..1 661.3....
Technicians (FTE) - Female - Private non-profitInformation onitem..74..76.7....
Technicians (HC) - Business enterpriseInformation onitem..23 466..25 971....
Technicians (HC) - GovernmentInformation onitem..1 099..1 213....
Technicians (HC) - Higher educationInformation onitem..6 099..6 477....
Technicians (HC) - Private non-profitInformation onitem..182..218....
Technicians (HC) - Business enterprise %Information onitem..76.07469..76.65811....
Technicians (HC) - Government %Information onitem..3.56286..3.58039....
Technicians (HC) - Higher education %Information onitem..19.77242..19.11804....
Technicians (HC) - Private non-profit %Information onitem..0.59003..0.64347....
Technicians (HC) - Female - Business enterpriseInformation onitem..3 476..3 856....
Technicians (HC) - Female - GovernmentInformation onitem..574..613....
Technicians (HC) - Female - Higher educationInformation onitem..4 049..4 340....
Technicians (HC) - Female - Private non-profitInformation onitem..140..153....
Other supporting staffOther supporting staff (FTE) - FemaleInformation onitem..2 566.7..2 343.3....
Other supporting staff (FTE) - % FemaleInformation onitem..44.86375..42.98923....
Other supporting staff (HC) - FemaleInformation onitem..5 755..5 612....
Other supporting staff (HC) - % FemaleInformation onitem..50.0696..47.90031....
Other supporting staff (FTE) - Business enterpriseInformation onitem..3 429.7..3 286.2....
Other supporting staff (FTE) - GovernmentInformation onitem..691.8..591.3....
Other supporting staff (FTE) - Higher educationInformation onitem..1 550.1..1 532.9....
Other supporting staff (FTE) - Private non-profitInformation onitem..49.5..40.5....
Other supporting staff (FTE) - Business enterprise %Information onitem..59.94826..60.28729....
Other supporting staff (FTE) - Government %Information onitem..12.09208..10.84775....
Other supporting staff (FTE) - Higher education %Information onitem..27.09444..28.12196....
Other supporting staff (FTE) - Private non-profit %Information onitem..0.86522..0.743....
Other supporting staff (FTE) - Female - Business enterpriseInformation onitem..1 113.7..950.4....
Other supporting staff (FTE) - Female - GovernmentInformation onitem..355.5..305.3....
Other supporting staff (FTE) - Female - Higher educationInformation onitem..1 067.7..1 061.6....
Other supporting staff (FTE) - Female - Private non-profitInformation onitem..29.8..26....
Other supporting staff (HC) - Business enterpriseInformation onitem..5 443..5 706....
Other supporting staff (HC) - GovernmentInformation onitem..1 749..1 547....
Other supporting staff (HC) - Higher educationInformation onitem..4 184..4 343....
Other supporting staff (HC) - Private non-profitInformation onitem..118..120....
Other supporting staff (HC) - Business enterprise %Information onitem..47.35514..48.70263....
Other supporting staff (HC) - Government %Information onitem..15.21663..13.20417....
Other supporting staff (HC) - Higher education %Information onitem..36.4016..37.06897....
Other supporting staff (HC) - Private non-profit %Information onitem..1.02662..1.02424....
Other supporting staff (HC) - Female - Business enterpriseInformation onitem..1 807..1 670....
Other supporting staff (HC) - Female - GovernmentInformation onitem..979..856....
Other supporting staff (HC) - Female - Higher educationInformation onitem..2 894..3 006....
Other supporting staff (HC) - Female - Private non-profitInformation onitem..75..80....
Expenditure on research and development (R&D)GERD - Total (in '000 local currency)Information onitemInformation onitem8 066 4408 276 335Information onitem9 148 9909 571 282Information onitem9 833 080Information onitem10 104 440
GERD in '000 current PPP$Information onitemInformation onitem9 585 855.632969 906 498.93171Information onitem10 910 150.0639211 341 617.80668Information onitem11 779 712.89504..
GERD in '000 PPP$ (in constant prices - 2005)Information onitemInformation onitem8 333 377.508438 391 485.87067Information onitem9 098 155.299679 376 486.98267Information onitem9 478 616.30933..
GERD as a percentage of GDPInformation onitemInformation onitem2.737842.68164Information onitem2.885612.96436Information onitem2.98609..
GERD per capita (in current PPP$)Information onitemInformation onitem1 142.263061 176.04672Information onitem1 290.305691 336.35779Information onitem1 383.09605..
GERD per capita (in PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitemInformation onitem993.01614996.19245Information onitem1 076.007341 104.81077Information onitem1 112.9165..
GERD per researcher, FTE (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitemInformation onitem262.04537266.92225Information onitem277.29022280.55534Information onitem287.27434..
GERD per researcher, FTE (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitemInformation onitem227.80679226.1015Information onitem231.23692231.94429Information onitem231.15701..
GERD per researcher, HC (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..150.99299..158.73947....
GERD per researcher, HC (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..127.90144..131.23512....
GERD - performed by business enterprise (in '000 local currency)Information onitemInformation onitem5 520 4225 692 841Information onitem6 424 1896 778 420Information onitem6 963 826..
GERD - performed by government (in '000 local currency)Information onitemInformation onitem422 417425 222Information onitem425 112424 885Information onitem436 507..
GERD - performed by higher education (in '000 local currency)Information onitemInformation onitem2 084 3972 117 553Information onitem2 259 1322 327 7542 391 424..
GERD - performed by private non-profit (in '000 local currency)Information onitemInformation onitem39 20440 719Information onitem40 55740 223Information onitem41 323..
GERD - performed by business enterprise (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitemInformation onitem6 560 263.055956 814 142.16376Information onitem7 660 830.980148 032 178.8631Information onitem8 342 439.08633..
GERD - performed by government (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitemInformation onitem501 984.56555508 976.65316Information onitem506 945.10694503 473.1274Information onitem522 921.31628..
GERD - performed by higher education (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitemInformation onitem2 477 019.443992 534 640.82016Information onitem2 694 009.845262 758 303.037772 864 848.87038..
GERD - performed by private non-profit (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitemInformation onitem46 588.5674848 739.29463Information onitem48 364.1315847 662.77841Information onitem49 503.62206..
GERD - performed by business enterprise (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitemInformation onitem5 703 105.773035 772 047.0251Information onitem6 388 494.161266 640 465.39357Information onitem6 712 793.41762..
GERD - performed by government (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitemInformation onitem436 395.77397431 138.22784Information onitem422 749.94243416 237.72778Information onitem420 771.75914..
GERD - performed by higher education (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitemInformation onitem2 153 374.608682 147 015.08336Information onitem2 246 579.543582 280 379.481022 305 217.74753..
GERD - performed by private non-profit (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitemInformation onitem40 501.3527541 285.53438Information onitem40 331.652439 404.3803Information onitem39 833.38504..
GERD - performed by business enterprise %Information onitemInformation onitem68.4369168.78456Information onitem70.2174770.8204Information onitem70.82039..
GERD - performed by government %Information onitemInformation onitem5.236725.13781Information onitem4.646554.43916Information onitem4.43917..
GERD - performed by higher education %Information onitemInformation onitem25.8403625.58564Information onitem24.6926924.3201924.32019..
GERD - performed by private non-profit %Information onitemInformation onitem0.486010.49199Information onitem0.443290.42025Information onitem0.42024..
GERD - performed by business enterprise as a percentage of GDPInformation onitemInformation onitem1.873691.84455Information onitem2.02622.09937Information onitem2.11476..
GERD - performed by government as a percentage of GDPInformation onitemInformation onitem0.143370.13778Information onitem0.134080.13159Information onitem0.13256..
GERD - performed by higher education as a percentage of GDPInformation onitemInformation onitem0.707470.68611Information onitem0.712530.720940.72622..
GERD - performed by private non-profit as a percentage of GDPInformation onitemInformation onitem0.013310.01319Information onitem0.012790.01246Information onitem0.01255..
GERD - financed by Business enterprise (in '000 local currency)Information onitemInformation onitem3 639 3503 820 904Information onitem4 165 2704 665 748Information onitem4 586 020Information onitem4 764 870
GERD - financed by Government (in '000 local currency)Information onitemInformation onitem3 085 7302 959 391Information onitem3 507 4503 213 531Information onitem3 705 800Information onitem3 767 550
GERD - financed by Higher education (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..55 135..56 319....
GERD - financed by Private non-profit (in '000 local currency)Information onitemInformation onitem43 73039 236Information onitem40 30045 473Information onitem41 890Information onitem42 710
GERD - financed by Abroad (in '000 local currency)Information onitemInformation onitem1 297 6301 401 669Information onitem1 435 9701 590 211Information onitem1 499 370Information onitem1 529 310
GERD - financed by Business enterprise (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitemInformation onitem4 324 867.438154 573 495.56225Information onitem4 967 075.13695 528 740.09963Information onitem5 493 904.14102..
GERD - financed by Government (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitemInformation onitem3 666 966.134043 542 293.02946Information onitem4 182 626.261663 807 916.26575Information onitem4 439 428.95272..
GERD - financed by Higher education (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..65 994.76925..66 735.94752....
GERD - financed by Private non-profit (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitemInformation onitem51 967.0966246 964.19274Information onitem48 057.6596553 883.83568Information onitem50 182.86978..
GERD - financed by Abroad (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitemInformation onitem1 542 054.964151 677 751.37801Information onitem1 712 391.00571 884 341.6581Information onitem1 796 196.93153..
GERD - financed by Business enterprise (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitemInformation onitem3 759 784.667753 874 065.26309Information onitem4 142 126.434184 570 790.55726Information onitem4 420 702.76728..
GERD - financed by Government (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitemInformation onitem3 187 844.077323 000 565.80144Information onitem3 487 961.491473 148 129.12104Information onitem3 572 213.0115..
GERD - financed by Higher education (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..55 902.10806..55 172.79403....
GERD - financed by Private non-profit (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitemInformation onitem45 177.1287539 781.901Information onitem40 076.0803744 547.53214Information onitem40 379.94577..
GERD - financed by Abroad (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitemInformation onitem1 340 571.634611 421 170.79708Information onitem1 427 991.293651 557 846.9782Information onitem1 445 320.58477..
GERD - financed by Business enterprise %Information onitemInformation onitem45.1171846.16662Information onitem45.527148.74737Information onitem46.63869Information onitem47.1562
GERD - financed by Government %Information onitemInformation onitem38.2539335.75726Information onitem38.3370233.57472Information onitem37.68707Information onitem37.28608
GERD - financed by Higher education %Information onitem..0.66618..0.58842....
GERD - financed by Private non-profit %Information onitemInformation onitem0.542120.47407Information onitem0.440490.4751Information onitem0.42601Information onitem0.42269
GERD - financed by Abroad %Information onitemInformation onitem16.0867716.93587Information onitem15.6953916.6144Information onitem15.24822Information onitem15.13503
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - financed by Business enterprise (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..3 687 598..4 523 654....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - financed by Government (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..755 505..845 881....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - financed by Higher education (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..593..880....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - financed by Private non-profit (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..5 137..2 922....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - financed by Abroad (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..1 244 008..1 405 083....
GERD - performed by Government - financed by Business enterprise (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..17 849..17 810....
GERD - performed by Government - financed by Government (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..384 181..376 538....
GERD - performed by Government - financed by Higher education (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..991..396....
GERD - performed by Government - financed by Private non-profit (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..2 105..2 250....
GERD - performed by Government - financed by Abroad (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..20 096..27 891....
GERD - performed by Higher education - financed by Business enterprise (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..109 122..118 508....
GERD - performed by Higher education - financed by Government (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..1 816 748..1 988 271....
GERD - performed by Higher education - financed by Higher education (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..53 516..54 994....
GERD - performed by Higher education - financed by Private non-profit (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..19 082..27 965....
GERD - performed by Higher education - financed by Abroad (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..119 085..138 016....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - financed by Business enterprise (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..6 335..5 776....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - financed by Government (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..2 957..2 841....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - financed by Higher education (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..35..49....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - financed by Private non-profit (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..12 912..12 336....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - financed by Abroad (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..18 480..19 221....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - financed by Business enterprise (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..4 413 932.69455..5 360 363.92593....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - financed by Government (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..904 314.46714..1 002 337.93257....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - financed by Higher education (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..709.80136..1 042.7677....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - financed by Private non-profit (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..6 148.81889..3 462.46273....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - financed by Abroad (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..1 489 036.38181..1 664 971.77417....
GERD - performed by Government - financed by Business enterprise (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..21 364.66195..21 104.19619....
GERD - performed by Government - financed by Government (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..459 851.9352..446 183.70723....
GERD - performed by Government - financed by Higher education (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..1 186.19418..469.24546....
GERD - performed by Government - financed by Private non-profit (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..2 519.61529..2 666.1674....
GERD - performed by Government - financed by Abroad (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..24 054.24654..33 049.81112....
GERD - performed by Higher education - financed by Business enterprise (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..130 615.42052..140 427.62955....
GERD - performed by Higher education - financed by Government (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..2 174 587.19605..2 356 028.14525....
GERD - performed by Higher education - financed by Higher education (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..64 056.87987..65 165.87116....
GERD - performed by Higher education - financed by Private non-profit (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..22 840.52212..33 137.4984....
GERD - performed by Higher education - financed by Abroad (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..142 540.80161..163 543.89341....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - financed by Business enterprise (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..7 582.78522..6 844.34796....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - financed by Government (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..3 539.43108..3 366.48071....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - financed by Higher education (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..41.89384..58.0632....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - financed by Private non-profit (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..15 455.23643..14 617.70714....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - financed by Abroad (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..22 119.94805..22 776.17939....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - financed by Business enterprise (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..3 738 904.54093..4 431 588.45859....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - financed by Government (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..766 016.54388..828 665.60461....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - financed by Higher education (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..601.25057..862.09021....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - financed by Private non-profit (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..5 208.47246..2 862.53137....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - financed by Abroad (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..1 261 316.21726..1 376 486.70879....
GERD - performed by Government - financed by Business enterprise (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..18 097.33793..17 447.53035....
GERD - performed by Government - financed by Government (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..389 526.21339..368 874.68737....
GERD - performed by Government - financed by Higher education (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..1 004.78805..387.9406....
GERD - performed by Government - financed by Private non-profit (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..2 134.28743..2 204.20793....
GERD - performed by Government - financed by Abroad (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..20 375.60104..27 323.36153....
GERD - performed by Higher education - financed by Business enterprise (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..110 640.24368..116 096.12164....
GERD - performed by Higher education - financed by Government (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..1 842 024.90264..1 947 805.64918....
GERD - performed by Higher education - financed by Higher education (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..54 260.58247..53 874.76047....
GERD - performed by Higher education - financed by Private non-profit (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..19 347.49299..27 395.85548....
GERD - performed by Higher education - financed by Abroad (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..120 741.86157..135 207.09424....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - financed by Business enterprise (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..6 423.14056..5 658.44668....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - financed by Government (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..2 998.14153..2 783.17988....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - financed by Higher education (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..35.48696..48.00275....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - financed by Private non-profit (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..13 091.64812..12 084.93736....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - financed by Abroad (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..18 737.1172..18 829.81363....
GERD - performed by Government - Natural sciences (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..46 899..50 056....
GERD - performed by Government - Engineering and technology (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..10 718..12 098....
GERD - performed by Government - Medical and health sciences (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..161 633..171 767....
GERD - performed by Government - Agricultural sciences (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..69 874..48 227....
GERD - performed by Government - Natural sciences and engineering (sub-total) (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..289 124..282 148....
GERD - performed by Government - Social sciences (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..62 875..70 402....
GERD - performed by Government - Humanities (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..73 223..72 335....
GERD - performed by Government - Social sciences and humanities (sub-total) (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..136 098..142 737....
GERD - performed by Government - Not specified fields (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Natural sciences (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..670 787..737 776....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Engineering and technology (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..383 897..431 021....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Medical and health sciences (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..470 867..537 866....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Agricultural sciences (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..72 022..78 380....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Natural sciences and engineering (sub-total) (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..1 597 573..1 785 043....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Social sciences (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..327 390..340 127....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Humanities (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..192 590..202 584....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Social sciences and humanities (sub-total) (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..519 980..542 711....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Not specified fields (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Natural sciences (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..15 963..15 889....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Engineering and technology (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..1 024........
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Medical and health sciences (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..12 293..11 307....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Natural sciences and engineering (sub-total) (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..29 505..28 763....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Social sciences (in '000 local currency)Information onitem......11 065....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Humanities (in '000 local currency)Information onitem......395....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Social sciences and humanities (sub-total) (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..11 214..11 460....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Not specified fields (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
....
GERD - performed by Government - Natural sciences (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..56 136.54998..59 314.52244....
GERD - performed by Government - Engineering and technology (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..12 829.09108..14 335.68588....
GERD - performed by Government - Medical and health sciences (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..193 469.34867..203 537.58941....
GERD - performed by Government - Agricultural sciences (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..83 636.86419..57 147.22458....
GERD - performed by Government - Natural sciences and engineering (sub-total) (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..346 071.85392..334 335.0223....
GERD - performed by Government - Social sciences (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..75 259.29295..83 423.78553....
GERD - performed by Government - Humanities (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..87 645.50629..85 714.31957....
GERD - performed by Government - Social sciences and humanities (sub-total) (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..162 904.79924..169 138.1051....
GERD - performed by Government - Not specified fields (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Natural sciences (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..802 909.8265..874 237.47612....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Engineering and technology (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..459 511.9966..510 744.06215....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Medical and health sciences (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..563 612.20667..637 351.46485....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Agricultural sciences (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..86 207.94906..92 877.42266....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Natural sciences and engineering (sub-total) (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..1 912 241.97883..2 115 210.42578....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Social sciences (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..391 874.98878..403 038.00888....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Humanities (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..230 523.85256..240 054.60311....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Social sciences and humanities (sub-total) (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..622 398.84134..643 092.61199....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Not specified fields (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Natural sciences (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..19 107.1824..18 827.88171....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Engineering and technology (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..1 225.69409........
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Medical and health sciences (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..14 714.31393..13 398.37992....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Natural sciences and engineering (sub-total) (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..35 316.50797..34 083.09911....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Social sciences (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem......13 111.6188....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Humanities (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem......468.0605....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Social sciences and humanities (sub-total) (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..13 422.78666..13 579.6793....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Not specified fields (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
....
GERD - performed by Government - Natural sciences (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..47 551.51838..49 037.25879....
GERD - performed by Government - Engineering and technology (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..10 867.12241..11 851.78114....
GERD - performed by Government - Medical and health sciences (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..163 881.84332..168 271.19288....
GERD - performed by Government - Agricultural sciences (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..70 846.17572..47 245.48265....
GERD - performed by Government - Natural sciences and engineering (sub-total) (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..293 146.65983..276 405.71547....
GERD - performed by Government - Social sciences (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..63 749.79675..68 969.17639....
GERD - performed by Government - Humanities (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..74 241.77126..70 862.83592....
GERD - performed by Government - Social sciences and humanities (sub-total) (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..137 991.56801..139 832.01231....
GERD - performed by Government - Not specified fields (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Natural sciences (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..680 119.83961..722 760.7608....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Engineering and technology (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..389 238.26202..422 248.84773....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Medical and health sciences (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..477 418.29898..526 919.33509....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Agricultural sciences (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..73 024.06142..76 784.8079....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Natural sciences and engineering (sub-total) (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..1 619 800.46202..1 748 713.75151....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Social sciences (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..331 945.06496..333 204.72513....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Humanities (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..195 269.55637..198 461.00438....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Social sciences and humanities (sub-total) (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..527 214.62133..531 665.72951....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Not specified fields (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Natural sciences (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..16 185.0975..15 565.6266....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Engineering and technology (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..1 038.24719........
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Medical and health sciences (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..12 464.03581..11 076.8796....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Natural sciences and engineering (sub-total) (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..29 915.51099..28 177.61456....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Social sciences (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem......10 839.80479....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Humanities (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem......386.96095....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Social sciences and humanities (sub-total) (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..11 370.02339..11 226.76574....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Not specified fields (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
....
GERD - Current costs (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..7 609 154..8 852 662....
GERD - Capital expenditure (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..667 181..718 620....
GERD - Current costs (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..9 107 905.3678..10 490 079.48734....
GERD - Capital expenditure (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..798 593.56391..851 538.31934....
GERD - Current costs (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..7 715 022.20231..8 672 492.35839....
GERD - Capital expenditure (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..676 463.66836..703 994.62428....
GERD - Current costs %Information onitem..91.93869..92.49191....
GERD - Capital expenditure %Information onitem..8.06131..7.50809....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Current costs (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..5 233 169..6 323 818....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Capital expenditure (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..459 672..454 602....
GERD - performed by Government - Current costs (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..388 621..393 727....
GERD - performed by Government - Capital expenditure (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..36 601..31 158....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Current costs (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..1 947 363..2 096 125....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Capital expenditure (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..170 190..231 629....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Current costs (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..40 001..38 992....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Capital expenditure (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..718..1 231....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Current costs (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..6 263 930.00138..7 493 492.18161....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Capital expenditure (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..550 212.16238..538 686.68149....
GERD - performed by Government - Current costs (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..465 166.46817..466 552.04122....
GERD - performed by Government - Capital expenditure (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..43 810.18499..36 921.08618....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Current costs (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..2 330 929.02585..2 483 831.17591....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Capital expenditure (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..203 711.79431..274 471.86186....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Current costs (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..47 879.8724..46 204.0886....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Capital expenditure (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..859.42222..1 458.68981....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Current costs (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..5 305 979.48516..6 195 115.46706....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Capital expenditure (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..466 067.53994..445 349.92651....
GERD - performed by Government - Current costs (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..394 027.9883..385 713.85633....
GERD - performed by Government - Capital expenditure (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..37 110.23954..30 523.87145....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Current costs (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..1 974 457.1842..2 053 464.60135....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Capital expenditure (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..172 557.89916..226 914.87967....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Current costs (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..40 557.54465..38 198.43365....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Capital expenditure (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..727.98973..1 205.94665....
GERD - Basic research (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..Information onitem1 576 533..Information onitem1 806 318....
GERD - Applied research (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..Information onitem2 907 122..Information onitem3 402 988....
GERD - Experimental development (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..Information onitem3 642 025..Information onitem4 203 918....
GERD - Not specified activities (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..150 655..158 058....
GERD - Basic research (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..Information onitem1 887 057.79555..Information onitem2 140 420.51977....
GERD - Applied research (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..Information onitem3 479 728.7673..Information onitem4 032 415.85576....
GERD - Experimental development (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..Information onitem4 359 383.32266..Information onitem4 981 488.50349....
GERD - Not specified activities (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..180 329.0462..187 292.92767....
GERD - Basic research (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..Information onitem1 598 467.72686..Information onitem1 769 555.76208....
GERD - Applied research (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..Information onitem2 947 569.56882..Information onitem3 333 730.28652....
GERD - Experimental development (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..Information onitem3 692 697.47154..Information onitem4 118 359.73522....
GERD - Not specified activities (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..152 751.10346..154 841.19886....
GERD - Basic research %Information onitem..Information onitem19.04869..Information onitem18.87227....
GERD - Applied research %Information onitem..Information onitem35.12572..Information onitem35.55415....
GERD - Experimental development %Information onitem..Information onitem44.00529..Information onitem43.9222....
GERD - Not specified activities %Information onitem..1.82031..1.65138....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Basic research (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..325 814..434 351....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Applied research (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..1 919 465..2 347 539....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Experimental development (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..3 447 562..3 996 530....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Not specified activities (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
....
GERD - performed by Government - Basic research (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..Information onitem100 556..Information onitem90 411....
GERD - performed by Government - Applied research (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..Information onitem157 061..Information onitem158 718....
GERD - performed by Government - Experimental development (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..Information onitem16 950..Information onitem17 698....
GERD - performed by Government - Not specified activities (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..150 655..158 058....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Basic research (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..1 140 775..1 271 157....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Applied research (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..802 302..867 854....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Experimental development (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..174 476..188 743....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Not specified activities (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Basic research (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..9 388..10 399....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Applied research (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..28 294..28 877....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Experimental development (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..3 037..947....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Not specified activities (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Basic research (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..389 988.56897..514 689.9899....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Applied research (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..2 297 536.04367..2 781 747.53646....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Experimental development (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..4 126 617.55113..4 735 741.33673....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Not specified activities (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
....
GERD - performed by Government - Basic research (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..Information onitem120 362.20218..Information onitem107 133.716....
GERD - performed by Government - Applied research (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..Information onitem187 996.81607..Information onitem188 075.00344....
GERD - performed by Government - Experimental development (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..Information onitem20 288.58872..Information onitem20 971.4803....
GERD - performed by Government - Not specified activities (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..180 329.0462..187 292.92767....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Basic research (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..1 365 469.89928..1 506 274.38062....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Applied research (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..960 328.9265..1 028 375.13094....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Experimental development (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..208 841.99439..223 653.52621....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Not specified activities (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Basic research (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..11 237.12512..12 322.43325....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Applied research (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..33 866.98107..34 218.18492....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Experimental development (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..3 635.18843..1 122.16024....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Not specified activities (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Basic research (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..330 347.13765..425 511.07547....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Applied research (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..1 946 171.03183..2 299 761.81611....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Experimental development (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..3 495 528.85562..3 915 192.50199....
GERD - performed by Business enterprise - Not specified activities (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
....
GERD - performed by Government - Basic research (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..Information onitem101 955.06262..Information onitem88 570.95263....
GERD - performed by Government - Applied research (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..Information onitem159 246.23186..Information onitem155 487.76652....
GERD - performed by Government - Experimental development (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..Information onitem17 185.8299..Information onitem17 337.80978....
GERD - performed by Government - Not specified activities (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..152 751.10346..154 841.19886....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Basic research (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..1 156 646.90882..1 245 286.37474....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Applied research (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..813 464.64311..850 191.40945....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Experimental development (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..176 903.53143..184 901.69682....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Not specified activities (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Basic research (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..9 518.61776..10 187.35924....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Applied research (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..28 687.66202..28 289.29443....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Experimental development (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..3 079.2546..927.72663....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Not specified activities (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
....
GERD - performed by Government - Current costs - Basic research (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..87 099..80 423....
GERD - performed by Government - Current costs - Applied research (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..144 139..149 196....
GERD - performed by Government - Current costs - Experimental development (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..14 722..16 093....
GERD - performed by Government - Current costs - Not specified activities (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..142 661..148 015....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Current costs - Basic research (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..1 047 830..1 142 036....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Current costs - Applied research (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..740 322..785 861....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Current costs - Experimental development (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..159 211..168 228....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Current costs - Not specified activities (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Current costs - Basic research (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..9 204..10 118....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Current costs - Applied research (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..27 822..27 961....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Current costs - Experimental development (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..2 975..913....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Current costs - Not specified activities (in '000 local currency)Information onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
....
GERD - performed by Government - Current costs - Basic research (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..104 254.6188..95 298.30266....
GERD - performed by Government - Current costs - Applied research (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..172 529.60997..176 791.78299....
GERD - performed by Government - Current costs - Experimental development (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..17 621.74649..19 069.61422....
GERD - performed by Government - Current costs - Not specified activities (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..170 760.49291..175 392.34135....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Current costs - Basic research (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..1 254 217.81206..1 353 270.73567....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Current costs - Applied research (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..886 140.91891..931 216.43591....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Current costs - Experimental development (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..190 570.29487..199 344.00432....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Current costs - Not specified activities (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Current costs - Basic research (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..11 016.88322..11 989.45857....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Current costs - Applied research (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..33 302.0127..33 132.75855....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Current costs - Experimental development (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..3 560.97649..1 081.87148....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Current costs - Not specified activities (in '000 current PPP$)Information onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
....
GERD - performed by Government - Current costs - Basic research (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..88 310.83177..78 786.2287....
GERD - performed by Government - Current costs - Applied research (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..146 144.4446..146 159.55855....
GERD - performed by Government - Current costs - Experimental development (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..14 926.83114..15 765.47478....
GERD - performed by Government - Current costs - Not specified activities (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..144 645.88079..145 002.5943....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Current costs - Basic research (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..1 062 408.74008..1 118 793.2492....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Current costs - Applied research (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..750 622.29873..769 867.13344....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Current costs - Experimental development (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..161 426.14538..164 804.21872....
GERD - performed by Higher education - Current costs - Not specified activities (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Current costs - Basic research (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..9 332.05772..9 912.07816....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Current costs - Applied research (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..28 209.09495..27 391.93689....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Current costs - Experimental development (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..3 016.39197..894.4186....
GERD - performed by Private non-profit - Current costs - Not specified activities (in '000 PPP$, constant prices - 2005)Information onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
....
AzerbaijanInformation onitemHuman resources in research and developmentTotal R&D personnel Total R&D personnel (HC) - Total Information onitemInformation onitem17 924Information onitem18 687Information onitem21 573Information onitem22 358Information onitem23 329..
Total R&D personnel (HC) - FemaleInformation onitem9 83510 01411 03611 90412 478..
Total R&D personnel (HC) - % FemaleInformation onitem54.8705653.5880651.1565453.2426953.48708..
Total R&D personnel per million inhabitants (HC)Information onitemInformation onitem1 969.69349Information onitem2 025.1396Information onitem2 304.44405Information onitem2 354.09417Information onitem2 422.58934..
Total R&D personnel per thousand labour force (HC)Information onitemInformation onitem3.95234Information onitem4.0637Information onitem4.60175Information onitem4.67894Information onitem4.80206..
Total R&D personnel per thousand total employment (HC)Information onitemInformation onitem4.1868Information onitem4.29567Information onitem4.85417Information onitem4.92364Information onitem5.04948..
Researchers (HC) - Total Information onitem11 03711 89115 33515 78416 337..
Technicians (HC) - Total Information onitem1 8192 0082 2672 1001 933..
Other supporting staff (HC) - Total Information onitem3 5313 3962 0632 2242 487..
Researchers as a percentage of total R&D personnel (HC)Information onitem61.5766663.6324771.0842370.5966570.02872..
Technicians as a percentage of total R&D personnel (HC)Information onitem10.148410.7454410.508519.392618.28582..
Other supporting staff as a percentage of total R&D personnel (HC)Information onitem19.6998418.173069.562889.9472210.66055..
Total R&D personnel (HC) - Business enterpriseInformation onitem..1 830..1 8961 284..
Total R&D personnel (HC) - GovernmentInformation onitem..13 851..16 64218 178..
Total R&D personnel (HC) - Higher educationInformation onitem..3 006..3 6003 810..
Total R&D personnel (HC) - Private non-profitInformation onitem......22057..
Total R&D personnel (HC) - Not specified sectorsInformation onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
(n..
..
Total R&D personnel (HC) - Business enterprise %Information onitem..9.7929..8.480195.50388..
Total R&D personnel (HC) - Government %Information onitem..74.12105..74.4342177.92019..
Total R&D personnel (HC) - Higher education %Information onitem..16.08605..16.1016216.3316..
Total R&D personnel (HC) - Private non-profit %Information onitem......0.983990.24433..
Total R&D personnel (HC) - Not specified sectors %Information onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
(n..
..
Total R&D personnel (HC) - Female - Business enterpriseInformation onitem..875..1 077727..
Total R&D personnel (HC) - Female - GovernmentInformation onitem..7 652..9 0189 914..
Total R&D personnel (HC) - Female - Higher educationInformation onitem..1 487..1 6861 796..
Total R&D personnel (HC) - Female - Private non-profitInformation onitem......12341..
Total R&D personnel (HC) - Female - Not specified sectorsInformation onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
(n..
..
Female R&D personnel as a percentage of total R&D personnel (HC) - Business enterpriseInformation onitem..47.81421..56.803856.61994..
Female R&D personnel as a percentage of total R&D personnel (HC) - GovernmentInformation onitem..55.24511..54.188254.53845..
Female R&D personnel as a percentage of total R&D personnel (HC) - Higher educationInformation onitem..49.46773..46.8333347.13911..
Female R&D personnel as a percentage of total R&D personnel (HC) - Private non-profitInformation onitem......55.9090971.92982..
ResearchersResearchers (HC) - FemaleInformation onitem6 1016 2007 9048 4198 866..
Researchers (HC) - % FemaleInformation onitem55.277752.1402751.5422253.3388254.26945..
Researchers per million inhabitants (HC)Information onitem1 212.87141 288.646391 638.096211 661.911731 696.5083..
Researchers per thousand labour force (HC)Information onitem2.433722.585843.271123.303173.36282..
Researchers per thousand total employment (HC)Information onitem2.578092.733443.450553.475933.53609..
Researchers (HC) - Business enterpriseInformation onitem..1 378..1 171870..
Researchers (HC) - GovernmentInformation onitem..8 471..11 68711 850..
Researchers (HC) - Higher educationInformation onitem..2 042..2 8343 593..
Researchers (HC) - Private non-profitInformation onitem......9224..
Researchers (HC) - Not specified sectorsInformation onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
(n..
..
Researchers (HC) - Business enterprise %Information onitem..11.5886..7.418915.32534..
Researchers (HC) - Government %Information onitem..71.23875..74.0433472.53474..
Researchers (HC) - Higher education %Information onitem..17.17265..17.9548921.99302..
Researchers (HC) - Private non-profit %Information onitem......0.582870.14691..
Researchers (HC) - Not specified sectors %Information onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
(n..
..
Researchers (HC) - Female - Business enterpriseInformation onitem..683..671512..
Researchers (HC) - Female - GovernmentInformation onitem..4 675..6 4866 560..
Researchers (HC) - Female - Higher educationInformation onitem..842..1 2111 780..
Researchers (HC) - Female - Private non-profitInformation onitem......5114..
Researchers (HC) - Female - Not specified sectorsInformation onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
(n..
..
Female researchers as a percentage of total researchers (HC) - Business enterpriseInformation onitem..49.56459..57.3014558.85057..
Female researchers as a percentage of total researchers (HC) - GovernmentInformation onitem..55.18829..55.4975655.35865..
Female researchers as a percentage of total researchers (HC) - Higher educationInformation onitem..41.23408..42.7311249.54077..
Female researchers as a percentage of total researchers (HC) - Private non-profitInformation onitem......55.4347858.33333..
Researchers (HC) - ISCED 8 Information onitem..4 632..6 6028 006..
Researchers (HC) - ISCED 7 Information onitem..Information onitem7 259..Information onitem9 182Information onitem8 331..
Researchers (HC) - ISCED 6Information onitem..Information onitem0..Information onitem0Information onitem0..
Researchers (HC) - ISCED 5Information onitem..Information onitem
(n..
..
(n..
(n..
..
Researchers (HC) - All other qualificationsInformation onitem......
(n..
(n..
..
Researchers (HC) - Not specified qualificationsInformation onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
(n..
..
Researchers (HC) - ISCED 8 %Information onitem..38.95383..41.8271749.00533..
Researchers (HC) - ISCED 7 %Information onitem..Information onitem61.04617..Information onitem58.17283Information onitem50.99467..
Researchers (HC) - ISCED 5 %Information onitem..Information onitem
(n..
..
(n..
(n..
..
Researchers (HC) - All other qualifications %Information onitem......
(n..
(n..
..
Researchers (HC) - Not specified qualifications %Information onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
(n..
..
Researchers (HC) - Female - ISCED 8 Information onitem..1 624..2 5193 284..
Researchers (HC) - Female - ISCED 7 Information onitem..Information onitem4 576..Information onitem5 900Information onitem5 582..
Researchers (HC) - Female - ISCED 6Information onitem..Information onitem0..Information onitem0Information onitem0..
Researchers (HC) - Female - ISCED 5Information onitem..Information onitem
(n..
..
(n..
(n..
..
Researchers (HC) - Female - All other qualificationsInformation onitem......
(n..
(n..
..
Researchers (HC) - Female - Not specified qualificationsInformation onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
(n..
..
Female researchers as a percentage of total researchers (HC) - ISCED 8Information onitem..35.06045..38.155141.01924..
Female researchers as a percentage of total researchers (HC) - ISCED 7Information onitem..Information onitem63.03899..Information onitem64.25615Information onitem67.00276..
Female researchers as a percentage of total researchers (HC) - ISCED 5Information onitem..Information onitem
(a..
..
(a..
(a..
..
Female researchers as a percentage of total researchers (HC) - All other qualificationsInformation onitem......
(a..
(a..
..
Researchers (HC) - Business enterprise - ISCED 8 Information onitem..274..256284..
Researchers (HC) - Business enterprise - ISCED 7 Information onitem..Information onitem1 104..Information onitem915Information onitem586..
Researchers (HC) - Business enterprise - ISCED 6Information onitem..Information onitem0..Information onitem0Information onitem0..
Researchers (HC) - Business enterprise - ISCED 5Information onitem..Information onitem
(n..
..
(n..
(n..
..
Researchers (HC) - Business enterprise - All other qualificationsInformation onitem......
(n..
(n..
..
Researchers (HC) - Business enterprise - Not specified qualificationsInformation onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
(n..
..
Researchers (HC) - Government - ISCED 8 Information onitem..3 361..4 8805 494..
Researchers (HC) - Government - ISCED 7 Information onitem..Information onitem5 110..Information onitem6 807Information onitem6 356..
Researchers (HC) - Government - ISCED 6Information onitem..Information onitem0..Information onitem0Information onitem0..
Researchers (HC) - Government - ISCED 5Information onitem..Information onitem
(n..
..
(n..
(n..
..
Researchers (HC) - Government - All other qualificationsInformation onitem......
(n..
(n..
..
Researchers (HC) - Government - Not specified qualificationsInformation onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
(n..
..
Researchers (HC) - Higher education - ISCED 8 Information onitem..997..1 4212 224..
Researchers (HC) - Higher education - ISCED 7 Information onitem..Information onitem1 045..Information onitem1 413Information onitem1 369..
Researchers (HC) - Higher education - ISCED 6Information onitem..Information onitem0..Information onitem0Information onitem0..
Researchers (HC) - Higher education - ISCED 5Information onitem..Information onitem
(n..
..
(n..
(n..
..
Researchers (HC) - Higher education - All other qualificationsInformation onitem......
(n..
(n..
..
Researchers (HC) - Higher education - Not specified qualificationsInformation onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
(n..
..
Researchers (HC) - Private non-profit - ISCED 8 Information onitem......454..
Researchers (HC) - Private non-profit - ISCED 7 Information onitem......Information onitem47Information onitem20..
Researchers (HC) - Private non-profit - ISCED 6Information onitem......Information onitem0Information onitem0..
Researchers (HC) - Private non-profit -ISCED 5Information onitem......
(n..
(n..
..
Researchers (HC) - Private non-profit - All other qualificationsInformation onitem......
(n..
(n..
..
Researchers (HC) - Private non-profit - Not specified qualificationsInformation onitem......
(n..
(n..
..
Researchers (HC) - Female - Business enterprise - ISCED 8 Information onitem......19176..
Researchers (HC) - Female - Business enterprise - ISCED 7 Information onitem......Information onitem480Information onitem436..
Researchers (HC) - Female - Business enterprise - ISCED 6Information onitem......Information onitem0Information onitem0..
Researchers (HC) - Female - Business enterprise - ISCED 5Information onitem......
(n..
(n..
..
Researchers (HC) - Female - Business enterprise - All other qualificationsInformation onitem......
(n..
(n..
..
Researchers (HC) - Female - Business enterprise - Not specified qualificationsInformation onitem......
(n..
(n..
..
Researchers (HC) - Female - Government - ISCED 8 Information onitem......1 9342 259..
Researchers (HC) - Female - Government - ISCED 7 Information onitem......Information onitem4 552Information onitem4 301..
Researchers (HC) - Female - Government - ISCED 6Information onitem......Information onitem0Information onitem0..
Researchers (HC) - Female - Government - ISCED 5Information onitem......
(n..
(n..
..
Researchers (HC) - Female - Government - All other qualificationsInformation onitem......
(n..
(n..
..
Researchers (HC) - Female - Government - Not specified qualificationsInformation onitem......
(n..
(n..
..
Researchers (HC) - Female - Higher education - ISCED 8 Information onitem......371949..
Researchers (HC) - Female - Higher education - ISCED 7 Information onitem......Information onitem840Information onitem831..
Researchers (HC) - Female - Higher education - ISCED 6Information onitem......Information onitem0Information onitem0..
Researchers (HC) - Female - Higher education - ISCED 5Information onitem......
(n..
(n..
..
Researchers (HC) - Female - Higher education - All other qualificationsInformation onitem......
(n..
(n..
..
Researchers (HC) - Female - Higher education - Not specified qualificationsInformation onitem......
(n..
(n..
..
Researchers (HC) - Female - Private non-profit - ISCED 8 Information onitem......23
(n..
..
Researchers (HC) - Female - Private non-profit - ISCED 7 Information onitem......Information onitem28Information onitem14..
Researchers (HC) - Female - Private non-profit - ISCED 6Information onitem......Information onitem0Information onitem0..
Researchers (HC) - Female - Private non-profit - ISCED 5Information onitem......
(n..
(n..
..
Researchers (HC) - Female - Private non-profit - All other qualificationsInformation onitem......
(n..
(n..
..
Researchers (HC) - Female - Private non-profit - Not specified qualificationsInformation onitem......
(n..
(n..
..
Researchers (HC) - Natural sciencesInformation onitem..5 327..5 1745 557..
Researchers (HC) - Engineering and technologyInformation onitem..2 027..2 5402 621..
Researchers (HC) - Medical and health sciencesInformation onitem..753..1 7542 049..
Researchers (HC) - Agricultural sciencesInformation onitem..1 002..1 049917..
Researchers (HC) - Natural sciences and engineering (sub-total)Information onitem..9 109..10 51711 144..
Researchers (HC) - Social sciencesInformation onitem..885..2 1081 620..
Researchers (HC) - HumanitiesInformation onitem..1 897..3 1593 573..
Researchers (HC) - Social sciences and humanities (sub-total)Information onitem..2 782..5 2675 193..
Researchers (HC) - Not specified fieldsInformation onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
(n..
..
Researchers (HC) - Natural sciences %Information onitem..44.79859..32.7800334.01481..
Researchers (HC) - Engineering and technology %Information onitem..17.04651..16.0922516.04334..
Researchers (HC) - Medical and health sciences %Information onitem..6.33252..11.1125212.54208..
Researchers (HC) - Agricultural sciences %Information onitem..8.42654..6.645975.61303..
Researchers (HC) - Natural sciences and engineering (sub-total) %Information onitem..76.60415..66.6307768.21326..
Researchers (HC) - Social sciences %Information onitem..7.4426..13.35539.91614..
Researchers (HC) - Humanities %Information onitem..15.95324..20.0139421.8706..
Researchers (HC) - Social sciences and humanities (sub-total) %Information onitem..23.39585..33.3692331.78674..
Researchers (HC) - Not specified fields %Information onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
(n..
..
Researchers (HC) - Female - Natural sciencesInformation onitem..3 015..2 7893 056..
Researchers (HC) - Female - Engineering and technologyInformation onitem..920..1 1801 189..
Researchers (HC) - Female - Medical and health sciencesInformation onitem..400..1 0221 069..
Researchers (HC) - Female - Agricultural sciencesInformation onitem..390..404359..
Researchers (HC) - Female - Natural sciences and engineering (sub-total)Information onitem..4 725..5 3955 673..
Researchers (HC) - Female - Social sciencesInformation onitem..435..1 031817..
Researchers (HC) - Female - HumanitiesInformation onitem..1 040..1 9932 376..
Researchers (HC) - Female - Social sciences and humanities (sub-total)Information onitem..1 475..3 0243 193..
Researchers (HC) - Female - Not specified fieldsInformation onitem..
(n..
..
(n..
(n..
..
Female researchers as a percentage of total researchers (HC) - Natural sciencesInformation onitem..56.59846..53.9041454.9937..
Female researchers as a percentage of total researchers (HC) - Engineering and technologyInformation onitem..45.38727..46.4566945.36436..
Female researchers as a percentage of total researchers (HC) - Medical and health sciencesInformation onitem..53.12085..58.2668252.17179..
Female researchers as a percentage of total researchers (HC) - Agricultural sciencesInformation onitem..38.92216..38.5128739.1494..
Female researchers as a percentage of total researchers (HC) - Natural sciences and engineering (sub-total)Information onitem..51.87178..51.297950.90632..
Female researchers as a percentage of total researchers (HC) - Social sciencesInformation onitem..49.15254..48.9089250.4321..
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Legend:
aCategory not applicable
nMagnitude nil or negligible
Data extracted on 19 Apr 2019 01:07 UTC (GMT) from MyOECD

Information

To find metadata information, click on the next to the title of the table or next to any item in the table for which metadata information is available.